Tuesday, July 15, 2008

Holy Bastard Offspring of John Lennon and Bryan Ferry!

Brian Eno singing "Tomorrow Never Knows": 801 Live.

As an added bonus, though I haven't yet heard it: June 1, 1974

Monday, July 14, 2008

What's up Eclipse?

How come a long-running build won't automatically cancel when I hit save? Why does it block the entire app instead?

Saturday, July 12, 2008

Wednesday, July 9, 2008

Don't Use java.io.File!

One of my biggest gripes with Sun's Java libraries is their I/O implementation, particularly the class java.io.File. Even worse is its ubiquity in the method signatures of third-party libraries. Why? I'll explain.

Consider an interface that gives you the method public void upload(java.io.File file), which is supposed to upload a file to a server. Now suppose you want, instead, to upload some data you created programmatically, or that exists at a remote URL. Oh no! Now you have to download that data to a file on your local file system, and upload THAT file. Ouch!

Believe it or not, people charge actual money for systems with APIs that work this way.

This illustrates the real weakness behind using java.io.File in a public API - File is a concrete class that is directly tied to the native file system. You can't mock it for unit testing, you can't substitute a URL. You're stuck.

What to use instead? Well, URLs/URIs are an obvious choice, and work well. I would recommend actually using java.net.URL instead of String in method signatures, so that the signature explicity indicates what kind of data it wants. This also means your code won't have to handle or throw MalformedURLException. Finally, always handling URLs as java.net.URL prevents chains of casting back and forth between String and URL, which often happens when using 2 or more APIs together that aren't consistent in their use of URLs vs. Strings.

When you're working with internal APIs and you need an actual file object, I'd recommend using Apache commons-vfs instead of java.io. As the web site says, "Commons VFS provides a single API for accessing various different file systems. It presents a uniform view of the files from various different sources, such as the files on local disk, on an HTTP server, or inside a Zip archive." For unit testing, the RAM disk implementation is very useful, allowing you to mock output files when necessary.

Wednesday, July 2, 2008

Easy Layouts in SWT?

I'm trying out a layout engine for Swing and SWT called MiGLayout. Their claim for it is "MiG Layout makes complex layouts easy and normal layouts one-liners." We'll see. So far it seems pretty good. Here's a snippet of (SWT) code I've written:

Label label = new Label(panel, SWT.NONE);
label.setText("Test Name:");
label.setLayoutData(new CC().growX(0));
final Text text = new Text(panel, SWT.BORDER);
text.setLayoutData(new CC().spanX(2).growX());
Button button = new Button(panel, SWT.PUSH);
Button runButton = new Button(panel, SWT.PUSH);
runButton.setLayoutData(new CC().wrap());
browser = new Browser(panel, SWT.MOZILLA | SWT.BORDER);
browser.setLayoutData(new CC().spanX().growX().growY());

This gives you something that looks like this:

And the label, textbox, and buttons on the top row grow/shrink as they should. Nice. Definitely worth exploring further.